In my work, I explore ideas of the sublime, alienation, terror, and a world on the cusp of possible extinction. There is always a symbolic element of optimism embedded in the painting. Material, surface, and scale influence the process, and I usually work on several series at once. I invent imagined spaces within the painting, using no reference material. The crude marks, shapes, and simple forms I use are suggestive of the ritualistic, mythological, and fantastical. Within this wondrous space, I want to capture the energetic forces moving below our gravity-bound world.